Barley: No. 1 COPPER WIRE
Shall consist of No. 1 bare, uncoated, unalloyed copper wire, not smaller than No. 16 B & S wire gauge. Green copper wire and hydraulically compacted material to be subject to agreement between buyer and seller.
Berry: No. 1 COPPER WIRE
Shall consist of clean, untinned, uncoated, unalloyed copper wire and cable, not smaller than No. 16 B & S wire gauge, free of burnt wire which is brittle. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.
Birch: No. 2 COPPER WIRE
Shall consist of miscellaneous, unalloyed copper wire having a nominal 96%copper content (minimum 94%) as determined by electrolytic assay. Should be free of the following: Excessively leaded, tinned, soldered copper wire; brass and bronze wire; excessive oil content, iron, and non-metallics; copper wire from burning, containing insulation; hair wire; burnt wire which is brittle; and should be reasonably free of ash.
Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.
Candy: No. 1 HEAVY COPPER
Shall consist of clean, unalloyed, uncoated copper clippings, punchings, bus bars, commutator segments, and wire not less than 1/16 of an inch thick, free of burnt wire which is brittle; but may include clean copper tubing.
Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.
Cliff: No. 2 COPPER
Shall consist of miscellaneous, unalloyed copper scrap having a nominal 96%copper content (minimum 94%) as determined by electrolytic assay. Should be free of the following: Excessively leaded, tinned, soldered copper scrap; brasses and bronzes; excessive oil content, iron and non-metallics; copper tubing with other than copper connections or with sediment; copper wire from burning, containing insulation; hair wire; burnt wire which is brittle; and should be reasonably free of ash.
Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.
Clove: No. 1 COPPER WIRE NODULES
Shall consist of No. 1 bare, uncoated, unalloyed copper wire scrap nodules, chopped or shredded, free of tin, lead, zinc, aluminum, iron, other metallic impurities, insulation, and other foreign contamination. Minimum copper 99%. Gauge smaller than No. 16 B & S wire and hydraulically compacted material subject to agreement between buyer and seller.
Cobra No. 2 COPPER WIRE NODULES
Shall consist of No. 2 unalloyed copper wire scrap nodules, chopped or shredded, minimum 97% copper. Maximum metal impurities not to exceed 0.50% aluminum and 1% each of other metals or insulation.
Hydraulically compacted material subject to agreement between buyer and seller.
Cocoa: COPPER WIRE NODULES
Shall consist of unalloyed copper wire scrap nodules, chopped or shredded, minimum 99% copper. Shall be free of excessive insulation and other non-metallics.
Maximum metal impurities as follows: Aluminum .05% Antimony .01% Tin .25% Iron .05% Nickel .05%
Hydraulically compacted material subject to agreement between buyer and seller.
Dream: LIGHT COPPER
Shall consist of miscellaneous, unalloyed copper scrap having a nominal 92%copper content (minimum 88%) as determined by electrolytic assay and shall consist of sheet copper, gutters, downspouts, kettles, boilers, and similar scrap. Should be free of the following: Burnt hair wire; copper clad; plating racks; grindings; copper wire from burning, containing insulation; radiators and fire extinguishers; refrigerator units; electrotype shells; screening; excessively leaded, tinned, soldered scrap; brasses and bronzes; excessive oil, iron and non-metallics; and should be reasonably free of ash. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement. Any items excluded in this grade are also excluded in the higher grades above.
Drink: REFINERY BRASS
Shall contain a minimum of 61.3%copper and maximum 5%iron and to consist of brass and bronze solids and turnings, and alloyed and contaminated copper scrap. Shall be free of insulated wire, grindings, electrotype shells and non-metallics. Hydraulically briquetted material subject to agreement.
Drove: COPPER-BEARING SCRAP
Shall consist of miscellaneous copper-containing skimmings, grindings, ashes, irony brass and copper, residues and slags. Shall be free of insulated wires; copper chlorides; unprepared tangled material; large motors; pyrophoric material; asbestos brake linings; furnace bottoms; high lead materials; graphite crucibles; and noxious and explosive materials. Fine powdered material by agreement. Hydraulically briquetted material subject to agreement.
Druid: INSULATED COPPER WIRE SCRAP
Shall consist of copper wire scrap with various types of insulation. To be sold on a sample or recovery basis, subject to agreement between buyer and seller.
Ebony: COMPOSITION OR RED BRASS
Shall consist of red brass scrap, valves, machinery bearings and other machinery parts, including miscellaneous castings made of copper, tin, zinc, and/or lead.
Shall be free of semi-red brass castings (78%to 81% copper); railroad car boxes and other similar high-lead alloys; cocks and faucets; closed water meters; gates; pot pieces; ingots and burned brass; aluminum, silicon, and manganese bronzes; iron and non-metallics. No piece tomeasure more than 12" over any one part or weigh over 100 lbs.
Eland: HIGH GRADE—LOW LEAD BRONZE SOLIDS
It is recommended these materials be sold by analysis.
Elder: GENUINE BABBITT-LINED BRASS BUSHINGS
Shall consist of red brass bushings and bearings from automobiles and othermachinery, shall contain not less than 12% high tin-base babbitt, and shall be free of iron-backed bearings.
Elias: HIGH LEAD BRONZE SOLIDS AND BORINGS
It is recommended that these materials be sold on sample or analysis.
Enerv: RED BRASS COMPOSITION TURNINGS
Shall consist of turnings fromred brass composition material and should be sold subject to sample oranalysis.
Engel MACHINERY OR HARD BRASS SOLIDS
Shall have a copper content of not less than 75%, a tin content of not less than 6%, and a lead content of not less than 6%nor more than 11%, and total impurities, exclusive of zinc, antimony, and nickel of not more than 0.75%; the antimony content not to exceed
0.50%. Shall be free of lined and unlined standard red car boxes.
Erin: MACHINERY OR HARD BRASS BORINGS
Shall have a copper content of not less than 75%, a tin content of not less than 6%, and a lead content of not less than 6%nor more than 11%, and the total impurities, exclusive of zinc, antimony, and nickel of not more than 0.75%; the antimony content not to exceed 0.50%.
Fence: UNLINED STANDARD RED CAR BOXES (CLEAN JOURNALS)
Shall consist of standard unlined and/or sweated railroad boxes and unlined and/or sweated car journal bearings, free of yellow boxes and iron-backed boxes.
Ferry: LINED STANDARD RED CAR BOXES (LINED JOURNALS)
Shall consist of standard babbitt-lined railroad boxes and/or babbitt-lined car journal bearings, free of yellow boxes and iron-backed boxes.
Grape COCKS AND FAUCETS
Shall consist of mixed clean red and yellow brass, including chrome or nickel-plated, free of gas cocks, beer faucets, and aluminum and zinc base die cast material, and to contain a minimum of 35%semi-red.
Honey: YELLOW BRASS SCRAP
Shall consist of mixed yellow brass solids, including brass castings, rolled brass, rod brass, tubing and miscellaneous yellow brasses, including plated brass. Must be free of manganese-bronze, aluminum-bronze, unsweated radiators or radiator parts, iron, and excessively dirty and corroded materials. Must also be free of any type of munitions including, but not limited to, bullet casings.
Ivory: YELLOW BRASS CASTINGS
Shall consist of yellow brass castings in crucible shape, no piece to measure more than 12 inches over any one part; and shall be free of brass forgings, silicon bronze, aluminum bronze and manganese bronze, and not to contain more than 15%nickel plated material.
Label: NEW BRASS CLIPPINGS
Shall consist of the cuttings of new unleaded yellow brass sheet or plate, to be clean and free from foreign substances and not to contain more than 10% of clean brass punchings under 1/4 inch. To be free of Muntz metal and naval brass.
Lace: BRASS SHELL CASES WITHOUT PRIMERS
Shall consist of clean fired 70/30 brass shell cases free of primers and any other foreign material.
Lady: BRASS SHELL CASES WITH PRIMERS
Shall consist of clean fired 70/30 brass shell cases containing the brass primers, and containing no other foreign material.
Lake: BRASS SMALL ARMS AND RIFLE SHELLS, CLEAN FIRED
Shall consist of clean fired 70/30 brass shells free of bullets, iron and any other foreign material.
Lamb: BRASS SMALL ARMS AND RIFLE SHELLS, CLEAN MUFFLED
Shall consist of clean muffled (popped) 70/30 brass shells free of bullets, iron and any other foreign material.
Lark: YELLOW BRASS PRIMER
Shall consist of clean yellow brass primers, burnt or unburnt. Shall be free of iron, excessive dirt, corrosion and any other foreign material.
Maize: MIXED NEW NICKEL SILVER CLIPPINGS
Shall consist of one or more nickel silver alloys and the range of nickel content to be specified, free of chrome or any other plating material. Leaded nickel silver clippings should be packed and sold separately. Not to contain more than 10% of clean punchings under 1/4 inch.
Major: NEW NICKEL SILVER CLIPPINGS AND SOLIDS
Shall consist of new, clean nickel silver clippings, plate, rod and forgings, and other rolled shapes, free of chrome or any other plating material. Must be sold on nickel content specifications such as 10%–12%–15%–18%–20%. Leaded nickel silver clippings should be packed and sold separately. A description as to its physical characteristics should be made in offering all nickel silver material.
Malar: NEW SEGREGATED NICKEL SILVER CLIPPINGS
Shall consist of one specified nickel silver alloy. Not to contain more than 10% of clean punchings under 1/4 inch.
Malic: OLD NICKEL SILVER
Shall consist of old nickel silver sheet, pipe, rod, tubes, wire, screen, soldered, or unsoldered. Must not be trimmed seams alone, and must also be free of foreign substances, iron rimmed material and other metals.
Melon: BRASS PIPE
Shall consist of brass pipe free of plated and soldered materials or pipes with cast brass connections. To be sound, clean pipes free of sediment and condenser tubes.
Naggy: NICKEL SILVER CASTINGS
To be packed and sold separately.
Niece: NICKEL SILVER TURNINGS
To be sold by sample or analysis.
Night: YELLOW BRASS ROD TURNINGS
Shall consist strictly of rod turnings, free of aluminum, manganese, composition, Tobin and Muntz metal turnings; not to contain over 3%free iron, oil or other moisture; to be free of grindings and babbitts; to contain not more than 0.30%tin and not more than
Noble: NEW YELLOW BRASS ROD ENDS
Shall consist of new, clean rod ends fromfree turning brass rods or forging rods, not to contain more than 0.30%tin and notmore than 0.15%alloyed iron. To be free of Muntz metal and naval brass or any other alloys. To be in pieces not larger than 12" and free of
Nomad: YELLOW BRASS TURNINGS
Shall consist of yellow brass turnings, free of aluminum, manganese and composition turnings, not to contain over 3%of free iron, oil or other moisture; to be free of grindings and babbitts. To avoid dispute, to be sold subject to sample or analysis.
Ocean: MIXED UNSWEATED AUTO RADIATORS
Shall consist of mixed automobile radiators, to be free of aluminum radiators, and iron-finned radiators. All radiators to be subject to deduction of actual iron. The tonnage specification should cover the gross weight of the radiators, unless otherwise specified.
Pales: ADMIRALTY BRASS CONDENSER TUBES
Shall consist of clean sound Admiralty condenser tubing which may be plated or unplated, free of nickel alloy, aluminum alloy, and corroded material.
Pallu: ALUMINUM BRASS CONDENSER TUBES
Shall consist of clean sound condenser tubing which may be plated or unplated, free of nickel alloy and corroded material.
Palms: MUNTZ METAL TUBES
Shall consist of clean sound Muntz metal tubing which may be plated or unplated, free of nickel alloy, aluminum alloy, and corroded material.
Parch: MANGANESE BRONZE SOLIDS
Shall have a copper content of not less than 55%, a lead content of not more than 1%, and shall be free of aluminum bronze and silicon bronze.
Tablet: CLEAN ALUMINUM LITHOGRAPHIC SHEETS
To consist of 1000 and/or 3000 series alloys, to be free of paper, plastic, excessively inked sheets, and any other contaminants. Minimum size of 3" (8 cm) in any direction.
Tabloid: NEW, CLEAN ALUMINUM LITHOGRAPHIC SHEETS
To consist of 1000 and/or 3000 series alloys, uncoated, unpainted, to be free of paper, plastic, ink, and any other contaminants. Minimum size of 3" (8 cm) in any direction.
Taboo: MIXED LOW COPPER ALUMINUM CLIPPINGS AND SOLIDS
Shall consist of new, clean, uncoated and unpainted low copper aluminum scrap of two or more alloys with a minimum thickness of 0.015 inches (.38mm) and to be free of 2000 and 7000 series, hair wire, wire screen, punchings less 1/2 inch (1.25 cm) diameter, dirt, and other non-metallic items. Grease and oil not to total more than 1%. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.
Taint: CLEAN MIXED OLD ALLOY SHEET ALUMINUM
Tabor Shall consist of clean old alloy aluminum sheet of two or more alloys, free of foil, venetian blinds, castings, hair wire, screen wire, food or beverage containers, radiator shells, airplane sheet, bottle caps, plastic, dirt, and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 1%. Up to 10% Tale permitted.
Take: NEW ALUMINUM CAN STOCK
Shall consist of new low copper aluminum can stock and clippings, clean, lithographed or not lithographed, and coated with clear lacquer but free of lids with sealers, iron, dirt and other foreign contamination. Oil not to exceed 1%.
Talc: POST-CONSUMER ALUMINUM CAN SCRAP
Shall consist of old aluminum food and/or beverage cans. The material is to be free of other scrap metals, foil, tin cans, plastic bottles, paper, glass, and other non-metallic items. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.
Talcred: SHREDDED ALUMINUM USED BEVERAGE CAN (UBC) SCRAP
Shall have a density of 12 to 17 pounds per cubic foot (193 to 273 kg/m3). Material should contain maximum 5%fines less than 4mesh (U.S. standard screen size) (6.35mm). Must be magnetically separated material and free of steel, lead, bottle caps, plastic cans and other plastics, glass, wood, dirt, grease, trash, and other foreign substances. Any free lead is basis for rejection. Any and all aluminum items, other than used beverage cans, are not acceptable. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the seller and buyer.
Taldack: DENSIFIED ALUMINUM USED BEVERAGE CAN (UBC) SCRAP
Shall have a biscuit density of 35 to 50 pounds per cubic foot (562 to 802 kg/m3). Each biscuit not to exceed 60 pounds (27.2 kg). Nominal biscuit size range from 10" to 13" x 101/4" (25.4 x 33 x 26 cm) to 20" x 61/4" x 9" (50.8 x 15.9 x 22.9 cm). Shall have banding slots in both directions to facilitate bundle banding. All biscuits comprising a bundle must be of uniform size. Size: Bundle range dimensions acceptable are 41" to 44" x 51" (104 to 112 cm) to 54" x 54" (137 x 137 cm) to 56” (142 cm) high. The only acceptable tying method shall be as follows: Using minimum 5/8" (1.6 cm) wide by .020" (.05 cm) thick steel straps, the bundles are to be banded with one vertical band per row and a minimum of two firth (horizontal) bands per bundle. Use of skids and/or support sheets of any material is not acceptable. Must be magnetically separated material and free of steel, lead, bottle caps, plastic cans and other plastic, glass, wood, dirt, grease, trash, and other foreign substances. Any free lead is basis for rejection.
Any and all aluminum items, other than used beverage cans, are not acceptable. Items not covered in the specifications, including moisture, and any variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the seller and buyer.
Taldon: BALED ALUMINUM USED BEVERAGE CAN (UBC) SCRAP
Shall have a minimum density of 14 pounds per cubic foot (225 kg/m3), and a maximum density of 17 pounds per cubic foot (273 kg/m3) for unflattened UBC and 22 pounds per cubic foot (353 kg/m3) for flattened UBC. Size: Minimum 30 cubic feet (.85m3), with bale range dimensions of 24" to 40" (61 to 132 cm) by 30" to 52" (76 to 132 cm) by 40" to 84"(102 to 213 cm). The only acceptable tying method shall be as follows: four to six
5/8" (1.6 cm) x .020" (5mm) steel bands, or six to ten #13 gauge steel wires (aluminum bands or wires are acceptable in equivalent strength and number). Use of skids and/or support sheets of any material is not acceptable. Must be magnetically separated material and free of steel, lead, bottle caps, plastic cans and other plastic, glass, wood, dirt, grease, trash, and other foreign substances. Any free lead is basis for rejection. Any and all aluminum items, other than used beverage cans, are not acceptable. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.
Taldork: BRIQUETUED ALUMINUM USED BEVERAGE CAN (UBC) SCRAP
Shall have a briquette density of 50 pounds per cubic foot (800 kg/m3) minimum. Nominal briquette size shall range from 12" to 24" (30.5 x 61 cm) x 12" to 24"
(30.5 x 61 cm) in uniform profile with a variable length of 8" (20.3 cm) minimum and 48" (122 cm) maximum. Briquettes shall be bundled or stacked on skids and secured with a minimum of one vertical band per row and a minimum of one girth band per horizontal layer. Briquettes not to overhang pallet. Total package height shall be 48 (122 cm) maximum. Banding shall be at least 5/8" (1.6 cm) wide by .020" (5mm) thick steel strapping or equivalent strength. The weight of any bundle shall not exceed 4,000 pounds (1.814 mt). Material must be magnetically separated and free of steel, plastic, glass, dirt and all other foreign substances. Any and all aluminum items other than UBC are unacceptable. Any free lead is basis for rejection. Items not covered in the specification, including moisture, and any variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.
Tale: PAINTED SIDING
Shall consist of clean, low copper aluminum siding scrap, painted one or two sides, free of plastic coating, iron, dirt, corrosion, fiber, foam, or fiberglass backing or other non-metallic items.
Talk: ALUMINUM COPPER RADIATORS
Shall consist of clean aluminum and copper radiators, and/or aluminum fins on copper tubing, free of brass tubing, iron and other foreign contamination.
Tall: E.C. ALUMINUM NODULES
Shall consist of clean E.C. aluminum, chopped or shredded, free of screening, hair-wire, iron, copper, insulation and other non-metallic items. Must be free of minus 20 mesh material. Must contain 99.45%aluminum content.
Tally: ALL ALUMINUM RADIATORS FROM AUTOMOBILES
Shall consist of clean aluminum radiators and/or condensers. Should be free of all other types of radiators. All contaminants including iron, plastic, and foam not to exceed 1% of weight. Any deviation to this specification, including oxidation and aluminum content, to be negotiated between buyer and seller.
Talon: NEW PURE ALUMINUM WIRE AND CABLE
Shall consist of new, clean, unalloyed aluminum wire or cable free from hair wire, ACSR, wire screen, iron, insulation and other non-metallic items.
Tann: NEW MIXED ALUMINUM WIRE AND CABLE Shall consist of new, clean, unalloyed aluminum wire or cable which may contain up to 10% 6000 series wire and cable free from hair wire, wire screen, iron, insulation and other non-metallic items.
Tarry: A CLEAN ALUMINUM PISTONS
Shall consist of clean aluminum pistons to be free from struts, bushings, shafts, iron rings and non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to exceed 2%.
Tarry: B CLEAN ALUMINUM PISTONS WITH STRUTS
Shall consist of clean whole aluminum pistons with struts. Material is to be free from bushings, shafts, iron and nonmetallic items . Oil and grease not to exceed 2%.
Tarry: C IRONY ALUMINUM PISTONS
Shall consist of aluminum pistons with non-aluminum attachments to be sold on a recovery basis or by special arrangement between buyer and seller.
Tassel: OLD MIXED ALUMINUM WIRE AND CABLE
Shall consist of old, unalloyed aluminum wire and cable which may contain up to 10% 6000 series wire and cable with not over 1%free oxide or dirt and free from hair wire, wire screen, iron, insulation and other nonmetallic items.
Taste: OLD PURE ALUMINUM WIRE AND CABLE
Shall consist of old, unalloyed aluminum wire and cable containing not over 1%free oxide or dirt and free from hair wire, wire screen, iron, insulation and other nonmetallic items.
Tata: NEW PRODUCTION ALUMINUM EXTRUSIONS
Shall consist of one alloy (typically 6063). Material may contain “butt ends” from the extrusion process but must be free of any foreign contamination. Anodized material is acceptable. Painted material or alloys other than 6063 must be agreed upon by buyer and seller.
Toto: ALUMINUM EXTRUSIONS “10/10”
Material to consist of new production and old/used 6063 extrusions that may contain up to (but not exceed) 10 percent painted extrusions and 10 percent 6061 alloy extrusions. Must not contain other alloys of aluminum. Material should be free of zinc corners, iron attachments, felt, plastic, paper, cardboard, thermo break, and dirt and other contaminants.
Tutu: ALUMINUM EXTRUSION DEALER GRADE
Shall consist of old extruded aluminum of one alloy, typically alloy 6063, 6061, or 7075. Material must be free of iron, thermo break, saw chips, zinc corners, dirt, paper, cardboard, and other foreign contamination. Percentages of paint or other alloys to be agreed upon by buyer and seller.
Teens: SEGREGATED ALUMINUM BORINGS AND TURNINGS
Shall consist of aluminum borings and turnings of one specified alloy. Material should be free of oxidation, dirt, free iron, stainless steel, magnesium, oil, flammable liquids, moisture and other non-metallic items. Fines should not exceed 3%through a 20mesh (U.S. standard) screen.
Telic: MIXED ALUMINUM BORINGS AND TURNINGS Shall consist of clean, uncorroded aluminum borings and turnings of two or more alloys and subject to deductions for fines in excess of 3%through a 20 mesh screen and dirt, free iron, oil, moisture and all other non-metallic items. Material containing iron in excess of 10% and/or free magnesium or stainless steel or containing highly flammable cutting compounds will not constitute good delivery. To avoid dispute, material should be sold on basis of definite maximum zinc, tin and magnesium content.
Tense: MIXED ALUMINUM CASTINGS
Shall consist of all clean aluminum castings which may contain auto and airplane castings but no ingots, and to be free of iron, brass, dirt and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 2%.
Tepid: AIRCRAFT SHEET ALUMINUM
Should be sold on recovery basis or by special arrangements with purchaser.
Terse: NEW ALUMINUM FOIL
Shall consist of clean, new, pure, uncoated 1000 and/or 3000 and/or 8000 series alloy aluminum foil, free from anodized foil, radar foil and chaff, paper, plastics, or any other non-metallic items. Hydraulically briquetted material and other alloys by agreement between buyer and seller.
Tesla: POST CONSUMER ALUMINUM FOIL
Shall consist of baled old household aluminum foil and formed foil containers of uncoated 1000, 3000 and 8000 series aluminum alloy. Material may be anodized and contain a maximum of 5%organic residue. Material must be free from radar chaff foil, chemically etched foil, laminated foils, iron, paper, plastic and other nonmetallic contaminants.
Tetra: NEW COATED ALUMINUM FOIL
Shall consist of new aluminum foil coated or laminated with ink, lacquers, paper, or plastic. Material shall be clean, dry, free of loose plastic, PVC and other nonmetallic items. This foil is sold on a metal content basis or by sample as agreed between buyer and seller.
Thigh: ALUMINUM GRINDINGS
Should be sold on recovery basis or by special arrangements with purchaser.
Thirl: ALUMINUM DROSSES, SPATTERS, SPILLINGS, SKIMMINGS
Should be sold on recovery basis or by special arrangements with purchaser.
Throb: SWEATED ALUMINUM
Shall consist of aluminum scrap which has been sweated or melted into a form or shape such as an ingot, sow or slab for convenience in shipping; to be free from corrosion, dross or any non-aluminum inclusions. Should be sold subject to sample or analysis.
Tooth: SEGREGATED NEW ALUMINUM ALLOY CLIPPINGS AND SOLIDS
Shall consist of new, clean, uncoated and unpainted aluminum scrap of one specified aluminum alloy with a minimum thickness of .015" (.38mm) and to be free of hair wire, wire screen, dirt and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 1%. Also free from punchings less than 1/2" (1.27 cm) in size.
Tough: MIXED NEW ALUMINUM ALLOY CLIPPINGS AND SOLIDS
Shall consist of new, clean, uncoated and unpainted aluminum scrap of two or more alloys with a minimum thickness of .015" (.38mm) and to be free of hair wire, wire screen, dirt and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 1%. Also free from punchings less than 1/2" (1.27 cm) in size.
Tread: SEGREGATED NEW ALUMINUM CASTINGS, FORGINGS AND
Shall consist of new, clean, uncoated aluminum castings, forgings, and extrusions of one specified alloy only and to be free from sawings, stainless steel, zinc, iron, dirt, oil, grease and other non-metallic items.
Troma: ALUMINUM AUTO OR TRUCK WHEELS
Shall consist of clean, single-piece, unplated aluminum wheels of a single specified alloy, free of all inserts, steel, wheel weights, valve stems, tires, grease and oil and other non-metallic items. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.
Trump: ALUMINUM AUTO CASTINGS
Shall consist of all clean automobile aluminum castings of sufficient size to be readily identified and to be free from iron, dirt, brass, bushings, and non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 2%.
Twang: INSULATED ALUMINUM WIRE SCRAP
Shall consist of aluminum wire scrap with various types of insulation. To be sold on a sample or recovery basis, subject to arrangement between buyer and seller.
Twist: ALUMINUM AIRPLANE CASTINGS
Shall consist of clean aluminum castings from airplanes and to be free from iron, dirt, brass, bushings, and nonmetallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 2%.
Twitch: FLOATED FRAGMENTIZER ALUMINUM SCRAP (from
Derived from wet or dry media separation device, the material must be dry and not contain more than 1% maximum free zinc, 1%maximum free magnesium, and 1% maximum of analytical iron. Not to contain more than a total 2% maximum of non-metallics, of which no more than 1%shall be rubber and plastics. To be free of excessively oxidized material, air bag canisters, or any sealed or pressurized items. Any variation to be sold by special arrangement between buyer and seller.
Tweak: FRAGMENTIZER ALUMINUM SCRAP (from Automobile
Derived from either mechanical or hand separation, the material must be dry and not contain more than 4% maximum free zinc, 1% maximum free magnesium, and
1.5% maximum of analytical iron. Not to contain more than a total 5%maximum of non-metallics, of which no more than 1% shall be rubber and plastics. To be free of excessively oxidized material, air bag canisters, or any sealed or pressurized items. Any variation to be sold by special arrangement between buyer and seller.
Twire: BURNT FRAGMENTIZER ALUMINUM SCRAP (from Automobile
Incinerated or burned material must be dry and not contain more than X% (% to be agreed upon by buyer and seller) ash from incineration, 4% maximum free zinc, 1% maximum free magnesium, and 1.5% maximum of analytical iron. Not to contain more than a total 5%maximum of non-metallics, of which no more than 1% shall be rubber and plastics. To be free of excessively oxidized material, air bag canisters, or any sealed pressurized items. Any variation to be sold by special arrangement between buyer and seller.
ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Stryrene): An engineered polymer used in some electronics.
Asset Recovery: Typically involves an electronics reseller or reclaimer bidding on surplus property generated by large companies, government agencies and institutions.
Barium Glass: A highly viscous glass used in a cathode ray tube's panel or front plate and containing barium oxide (up to 14 percent) and strontium oxide (up to 12 percent).
Brokering: The buying and selling of whole units or components. A broker typically does not physically accept and store the material but rather buys the units or components for immediate resale.
Brominated Flame Retardants: Chemicals used in plastics and other products to reduce the potential for burning. Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs) are used in some electronics plastics.
CD-ROM: A device that uses a laser beam to read data from a spiral of indentations and flat layers on a layer of a compact disc.
Capacitor: A passive electronic component that stores energy in the form of an electrostatic field. When fabricated onto integrated circuit chips, capacitors help maintain the contents of memory.
Cards: Another term for printed circuit boards.
Case: The protective shell surrounding and holding the parts of a computer, also called a chassis.
Cathode Ray Tube (CRT): The tube which is included in conventional televisions and computer monitors. A CRT is a vacuum-sealed video display device containing an electron gun (cathode) that emits a beam of electrons to illuminate phosphors onscreen as the beam sweeps across the screen.
Central Processing Unit (CPU): A processing device, including a case and all its contents, such as the primary printed circuit board, additional printed circuit boards, one or more disc drives, interior wiring and a power cord. Within elements of the computer manufacturing industry, a CPU may apply only to its chips.
Certified Destruction: A closely tracked and managed electronics recycling system in which the generator of an item, typically a computer, receives formal assurance, such as in the form of a certificate, stating the item in question has been processed in such a manner that is inoperable. This often takes the form of product shredding.
Chipset: A number of integrated circuits designed to perform one or more related functions.
Circuit Board: Printed wiring boards and attached components. A computer consists of one or more boards (often called cards), synonymous with printed circuit board. Circuit boards consist of a plastic sheet and copper sheet in which connections between electronic devices have been created by the use of a photo-resist mask and acid etching.
Data Removal: The removal of data from a computer hard drive.
Daughterboard: A circuit board that plugs into and extends the circuitry of another circuit board, which may be the computer's main board (see motherboard).
De-manufacturing: The disassembly of an electronics device to capture re-sellable parts and recyclable materials.
DfE (Design for the Environment): A set of practices to reduce the environmental impacts of products through their design.
DfR (Design for Recycling): A subset of DfE that addresses design elements that affect the recycling process.
Diagnostic Testing: Testing to determine what parts of electronic equipment, such as a computer, work.
Dynamic-Random-Access Memory Chips: Chips which hold electronic data temporarily and are vital components of computers.
Electron Gun: The device used to project an image inside a cathode ray tube. Color monitors have three guns (red, green and blue).
EMS (Environmental Management System): The use of standards for how the management of a facility or organization can reduce its environmental impacts.
End of Life: Refers to the time when a product's value to the user, generally the first user, has been expended and the product is available for reuse, recycling or disposal.
E-Scrap: Electronic scrap.
E-Waste: Electronic discards.
Flash Memory Chips: Chips commonly used in consumer products such as cell phones.
Floppy disk drive: A mechanism that enables a computer to read and write information on floppy disks.
FOB (Freight on board): This term denotes the point at which a transaction, such as the sale of separated e-scrap, occurs. For example, "FOB supplier's dock" means that the buyer agrees to pick up the load at the supplier's site. In comparison, "FOB pier" means the supplier must ship the load to the export dock.
Frit: The soldering band that connects the plate glass to the funnel glass in a cathode ray tube.
Funnel Glass: The conically shaped glass in a cathode ray tube and containing up to 25 percent lead oxide.
Gaylord: A pallet-sized box in which electronic scrap is often shipped.
HIPS(High-impact polystyrene): An engineered polymer used in some electronics.
Hard Drive: A unit that stores and provides access to data on an electromagnetically charged surface or set of surfaces. Hard drive and hard disk are used interchangeably, although hard drive refers to the mechanical aspects of the unit while hard disk refers to the data storage elements.
Historic Scrap: Obsolete electronics previously manufactured by a firm which is still in business.
Integrated Circuit: A semiconductor wafer on which thousands or millions of tiny resistors, capacitors and transistors are fabricated. An integrated circuit can function as an amplifier, oscillator, timer, counter, computer memory or microprocessor, also called a microchip or chip.
Microchip: Tiny modules that store computer memory or provide logic circuitry for microprocessors and are commonly called chips. A microchip is made from a silicon dioxide or sapphire wafer which is cut to size and then etched with microscopic electrical circuits and electronic devices. A microchip is often called an integrated circuit. Numerous types of chips are used in electronics. For example, dynamic-random-access chips (DRAMs) are the core component of personal computers while flash memory chips are used in devices such as cell phones, MP3 players and digital cameras. Another common type is static-random-access memory chips (SRAMs).
Microprocessor: An integrated circuit fabricated on a small piece of silicon and containing several elements of the central processing unit, including the arithmetic-logic and control units and sometimes the floating-point unit. Computer microprocessors have grown from the inaugural eight-bit units (such as Intel 8088 microprocessors used in the first personal computers) that handled one byte (eight bits), to 16-bit units ((Intel 8086 through 80286), to 32-bit systems (Intel 486), to 64-bit units (Intel Pentium).
Modem: A computer device that converts digital signals to the modulated analog signals required for transmission over a telephone line, and vice versa.
Monitor: A display device containing a cathode ray tube or flat panel display, a case, interior wires, circuitry, a cable to the CPU and a power cord. Also called a vide display unit (VDU).
Motherboard: A computer's main circuit board, often entailing the microprocessor, other coprocessors, memory, a basic input-output system, expansion slot and interconnecting circuitry (also see daughterboard). A motherboard is also called a system board or a main board.
Multiprocessor: A computer containing more than one central processing unit (CPU).
NEPSI: The National Electronics Product Stewardship Initiative.
OEM: Original equipment manufacturer.
Open Source Software: An operating system and/or applications software for which the code is open for alteration by the public.
Orphan Scrap: Obsolete electronics previously manufactured by or bearing the brand name of a company which is no longer in business.
Peripherals: Auxiliary equipment to a computer, such as computer mice, keyboards, printers, etc.
Phosphor: An electro fluorescent material used to coat the inside of the screen in a cathode ray tube and which glows when struck by electrons. A typical CRT uses separate phosphor materials, one each for the three primary colors (red, blue and green).
Plate Glass: The front plate of a CRT on which the image appears.
Precious Metals: High-value, low-volume, scarce metals such as gold, palladium, platinum and silver.
Product Stewardship: An environmental management strategy saying that those who design, produce, sell or use a product take responsibility for minimizing that product's environmental impact through all stages of the product life cycle.
Re-claimer: General term for firms processing electronic scrap.
Redeployment: The consolidation, testing and repair of usable electronics for reuse within the originating firm, institution or government agency.
Refiner: A metal processing operation where impurities are removed and metals are purified.
Remanufacturing: The testing, repair or upgrading of obsolete electronics for resale. Some remanufactures build whole units from individual recovered components (hard drives, mother boards, etc.).
Reverse Logistics: A concept whereby an obsolete item is returned to the producer back through the original distribution system, which may include involvement of retailers and wholesalers.
Resistor: An electrical component that regulates or limits the flow of electrical current in an electronic circuit. Resistors are also used to provide a specific voltage for an active device such as a transistor. Many resistors are made from a combination of finely granulated carbon mixed with clay and hardened.
Screen Burn: An image burned into a CRT because of a frequently used screen display. CRTs with screen burns have a lower resale value than those without screen burns.
Semiconductor: A material, such as germanium, gallium arsenide and silicon, that conducts electricity at a level somewhat between a real conductor, such as copper, and an insulator, such as plastic.
SIMMS(Single in-line memory modules): A group of memory chips ganged together on small circuit boards. SIMMS are often found on mother boards.
Sixty-four bit microprocessor: Processor commonly found in higher-end, corporation-oriented computing devices, such as central servers and workstations. The microprocessor can handle 64 bits of data at a time (see also thirty-two bit microprocessor).
Smelter: A thermal processing operation where metals and other materials are separated.
TCLP: The toxics characteristics leaching procedure; a method authorized in federal regulations for determining a hazardous waste.
Terminal: Typically a keyboard and display monitor with little or no software that relies on a mainframe computer. Often called a dumb terminal and employed in multi-user systems. Some multi-user systems employ smart terminals (a keyboard and monitor containing some processing circuitry and occasionally a disk drive to allow for the downloading and display of information).
Thirty-two bit microprocessor: Processor commonly found in standard desktop computers. The microprocessor can handle 32 bits of data at a time (see also sixty-four bit microprocessor).
Transistor: A regulator of current or voltage flow. Transistors act as a switch or gate for electronic signals.
WEPSI: The Western Electronic Product Stewardship Initiative.
White Box: A standard-configuration personal computer assembled from off-the-shelf parts that is produced by a small or locally based producer.
Yoke: The set of electromagnets around the outside of a cathode-ray tube. The yoke steers electrons from the electron guns to the proper pixels on the display.
Abandonment: When a railroad decides that a portion of track is no longer useful, it decides to have the track torn up and removed.
Absorption: The charges of one carrier are being assumed by another without increase to the shipper.
Accessorial Charges (also called assessorial charges): The charges made for performing freight services beyond normal pickup and delivery such as inside delivery, waiting time, fuel surcharges and storage charges etc.
Accumulation: The amount of material expected to be produced or generated by an industrial plant over a given period of time. Contracts are written on an "accumulation" basis usually for a calendar month but may cover other periods as well.
Actual Tare: The result of weighing a vehicle immediately before loading or immediately after unloading the specific material in the shipment with which we are concerned.
Advance: A payment for a portion of the anticipated value of a shipment forwarded to the shipper prior to our having ascertained mill weights and/or other details essential to a final settlement with him.
Alligator Shear: A type of equipment formerly in widespread use in scrap yards to cut steel into small pieces...consists of one immobile blade and one mobile blade. Alligator shears are now in use in some facilities but do not have the widespread use that they did some years ago.
Aluminum Bronze Solids: Shall consist of aluminum bronze alloy solids with a typical analysis of 78-90% Copper, 8.5-11.5% Aluminum, 1.0-5.0% Iron and may contain up to 5% Nickel.
Aluminum BX Cable: Shall consist of plastic insulated copper wire, armor coated with an Aluminum casing.
Aluminum Copper Radiators: Shall consist of unalloyed copper tubing surrounded by aluminum cooling fins derived from typical heat exchange radiators.
Arrival Notice: A notice to the consignee advising the arrival of freight.
Auto Radiators: Iron free mixed copper/brass automotive radiators, may not include aluminum radiators. Typical composition is 70% Copper, 3-3.5% Tin, 10-11% Zinc and 7-8% Lead.
Auto Shredder Residue: The material left over after an automobile has been shredded and the ferrous metal removed (nonferrous metals plus nonmetallic material).
Automobile Shredder: A hammer mill-type shredder large enough to break whole cars into fist-sized pieces of steel in less than a minute.
Baler: A hydraulic baling press.
Bare Bright: Shall consist of bare, uncoated, unalloyed copper wire, not smaller than 16 gauge.
Bars: Long metal products that are rolled from billets. Merchant bar and reinforcing bar (rebar) are two common categories of bars, where merchants include rounds, flats, angles, squares, and channels that are used by fabricators to manufacture a wide variety of products such as furniture, stair railings, and farm equipment. Rebar is used to strengthen concrete in highways, bridges and buildings (see Sheet Steel).
Bill of Lading: A document issued by a carrier (trucking company) which serves as a receipt for the goods to be delivered to a designated person or to his order. The bill of lading describes the conditions under which the carrier accepts the goods and details that nature and quantity of the goods, identifying marks and numbers, destination, etc. The person sending the goods is the "shipper" or "consignor," the company transporting the goods is the "carrier", and the person for whom the goods are destined is the "consignee". Bills of lading may be negotiable or non-negotiable. If negotiable (i.e., payable to the shipper's order and properly endorsed) title to the goods passes upon delivery of the bill of lading.
Billed Weight: The weight the carrier shows on the waybill or freight bill.
Billet: A square sectioned bar produced by steel mills as an intermediate product. Usually 2 to 6 inches square. Billets are usually rolled into bars, rods and rounds.
Black In scrap and steel language the word "black" means that the material has not been painted or coated in any way and consists of steel or iron just as it has been cast or rolled from the manufacturing plant without any foreign material being applied to its surface. "Black" material is often shiny and silvery looking if it has been polished or rolled, but this is a result of surface reflection and not any coating.
Blast Furnace: A furnace which refines ore into pig iron or "hot metal." Hot metal is essentially pig iron that has not been allowed to cool whereas pig iron is hot metal which has been allowed to cool into certain shapes for longer distance transportation. The blast furnace in today's steelmaking process in the initial refinement of ore into a form to be further processed by other steel and iron making equipment.
Borings: Bits of scrap resulting from drilling a hole into metal. Technically, borings will be made of whatever metal was drilled, i.e. brass, steel, lead, cast iron, etc. However, most people (but not all) refer to cast iron borings simply as 'borings." Unless positive, always check to be sure the borings are what you think them to be.
Briquettes: A piece of equipment takes small, relatively fine material and packs it together, snowball-like, into cake form. Briquettes are generally considered to be small, the largest of them probably not more than one foot square. Most briquettes consist of borings or turnings, though there are briquettes which are made of sheet clippings and other material which can be easily compressed into small cakes, disc shaped or rectangular in shape. Can be "cold" in that they are produced by pressure or "hot" where temperature is used to bind them.
Broker: So far as the scrap iron and steel industry is concerned, the broker is a market-maker. He is a middleman who does not process or prepare material, but buys and sells scrap and involves himself in finding markets for the sale of; and finding sources for the purchase of; scrap material intended to be used by steel mills and foundries and supplied by scrap dealers, industrial plants, railroads, and government agencies.
Busheling: Steel scrap in small (usually 2' and under) pieces, including stampings, punchings, small clips, maximum size should always be stated.
Cartage Trucking: Trucking company provides local (within a town, city or municipality) pick-up and delivery.
Casting: The practice of pouring molten metal into a mold, allowing same to cool, removing same from the mold, and after cleaning and polishing, the item is then able to be used in approximately the same form that it was originally cast. Casting is for the most part done in foundries as opposed to mills. The term continuous casting, however, applies to the pouring of molten metal in a form in which when partially cooled it is cut into segments and then requires additional processing in order to shape the material into the form in which it will be used. This kind of casting is done in steel mills.
Cents Per Pound: A method of pricing usually used for nonferrous metals, seldom in connection with brokerage of iron and steel scrap but frequently used by scrap dealers in their negotiations with their suppliers.
Certificate of Origin: A document, required by foreign governments, declaring that goods in a particular international shipment are of a certain origin. Even though the commercial invoice usually includes a statement of origin, some countries require that a separate certificate be completed. Customs offices will use the Certificate of Origin form to determine whether or not a preferential duty rate applies on the products being imported and whether a shipment may be legally imported during a specific quota period.
Chromium: (Cr) An alloying element that is the essential stainless steel raw material for conferring corrosion resistance. A film that naturally forms on the surface of stainless steel self-repairs in the presence of oxygen if the steel is damaged mechanically or chemically, and thus prevents corrosion from occurring.
Clips/Clippings: Pieces of sheet steel sheared off as scrap in a manufacturing process, also often refers to skeleton scrap.
Cobble: Rejected or spoiled sheet or plate from a rolling mill. Usually the full width of the rolling mill product and may be of any length.
Coils: Metal sheet that has been wound. A slab, once rolled in a hot-strip mill, is more than one-quarter mile long; coils are the most efficient way to store and transport sheet metal.
Cold-Rolled: Sheet Metal that has been pickled and run through a cold-reduction mill. Strip has a final product width of approximately 12 inches, while sheet may be more than 80 inches wide. Cold-rolled sheet is considerably thinner and stronger than hot-rolled sheet, so it will sell for a premium.
Common Carrier: Freight transportation company which serves the general public. May be regular route service over designated highways on a regular basis, or irregular route between various points on an unscheduled basis.
Consign: To send goods to another - to ship a car to a given destination.
Consignee: The receiver. The company receiving the freight. The place where the load or goods are delivered.
Consignor: The shipper. The company shipping the freight. The place from where the load or goods are shipped
Contamination: The inclusion of material not wanted or not desirable to the user. Material can be considered contaminated due to the presence of excess dirt, non-metallics, items of an unwanted shape or size or weight, and otherwise for a variety of reasons.
Contract Hauler: This usually refers to a motor carrier, not a common carrier, who contracts to transport property for one or more firms and not for the general public.
Copper Turnings: Shall consist of unalloyed copper turnings grindings or borings, may be contaminated with cutting oils.
Crane: A piece of equipment used in scrap yards and industrial plants, to move material from one place to another, in particular to load and unload scrap from the vehicles in which it is to be or had been shipped.
Customs Broker: A person or firm licensed by an importer's government and engaged in entering and clearing goods through customs. The responsibilities of a broker include preparing the entry form and filing it; advising the importer on duties to be paid; advancing duties and other costs; and arranging for delivery to the importer.
Demurrage: In domestic shipping demurrage is a penalty charged to shippers or receivers of freight by the carriers, usually at a stated amount per car, per truck, or per barge, per day for detention of the vehicle beyond the free time provided for loading or unloading.
Die: An iron or steel pattern used in the stamping process in the manufacture of formed steel shapes. Sometimes dies have nonferrous inserts and sometimes iron dies have steel inserts. In transactions involving dies, definition of the material is required for a clear understand of what is being handled on the part of all parties concerned.
Die Cast: Die casting is a century old process of injecting molten metal into a steel die under high pressure. The metal, either aluminum, zinc, magnesium and sometimes copper, is held under pressure until it solidifies into a net shape metal part.
Dispatching: The scheduling and control of truck pickup and delivery. Critical link in dispatching process is communication with driver which may be accomplished by phone, pager, radio, satellite communication, and cellular phone.
Dollars Per Ton: Should always be expressed as dollars per net (2000 lbs), gross (2240 lbs) or metric ton (2204.62 lbs). Represents the usual terms in quoting on scrap iron and steel.
Downgrade: To classify a shipment of material as a grade of less quality to the consumer than the grade so determined by the shipper. These terms are usually in connection with rejected shipments, and usually require a reduction in price to compensate for the lesser quality as a graded by the consumer.
Dump Truck: A vehicle used to transport scrap which is capable of independently unloading itself by raising one end of its body in order to dump the load on the ground. Such trucks can usually carry 20-30 GT each, depending upon the nature of the material, and legal load limitations, state-wide.
Eddy Current Separator: A device for separating nonferrous metals from nonmetallic material that works by creating a mechanically driven rotating or alternating magnetic field and moving a non-magnetic metallic particle into this field. An eddy current is created in the particle, producing a magnetic field with a like polarity, and ejecting it from the fixed field generator. Eddy Current Separators (or ECS for short) separate non-ferrous metals from waste by generating a strong oscillating magnetic field. The magnetic field changes 10,000 times per minute from north to south causing non-ferrous metals to jump. Eddy currents do not work on Stainless Steel and are easily damaged by ferrous metals.
Electric Motors: Shall consist of electric motors & large copper coil windings from motors.
F.A.S.: Free along ship. Delivered to the side of the vessel and ready to be loaded.
F.O.B.: Free on Board. Already loaded in the vessel/vehicle and ready for shipment; or received in the loaded condition. F.O.B. requires either "shipping point" or "delivered" to complete its meaning when used as a pricing consideration, as this determines who shall pay freight charges.
Ferrous: Metals that consist primarily of iron.
Free Time: The period goods will be held before storage charges are applied. A period during which no demurrage is charged by a carrier for the use of his equipment, providing time to load and/or unload at no charge.
Freight Forwarder: An independent business which handles export shipments for compensation. At the request of the shipper, the freight forwarder makes the actual arrangements and provides the necessary services for expediting the shipment to its overseas destination. The forwarder takes care of all documentation needed to move the shipment from origin to destination, making up and assembling the necessary documentation for submission to the bank in the exporter's name. The forwarder arranges for cargo insurance, makes the necessary overseas communications, and advises the shipper on overseas requirements of marking and labeling. The forwarder operates on a fee basis paid by the exporter.
Galvanized: Zinc plated or coated steel.
Gauge: The thickness of steel sheet. Better-quality steel has a consistent gauge to prevent weak spots or deformation.
Gross Ton/Long Ton: 2,240 pounds.
Gross Weight: Total weight, which includes (1) tare weight (weight of carrying vehicle), (2) dunnage (boxes, drums, boards, etc., to facilitate shipping) if any, and (3) net weight (weight of merchandise shipped).
Heater Cores: Shall include clean copper/brass automotive heater core radiators.
Hedging: Taking an opposite position in the commodity futures market to your position in the physical market.
Hot-rolled: Rolling metal slabs into flat-rolled metal after it has been reheated.
I-Beams: Structural sections on which the flanges are tapered and are typically not as long as the flanges on wide-flange beams. The flanges are thicker at the cross sections and thinner at the toes of the flanges. They are produced with depths of 3-24 inches.
Industrial Scrap: Generally refers to scrap which is the by-product of a manufacturing process other than melting (such as fabricating, drilling, stamping, forging, etc). Industrial scrap is 'left-over' new metal, usually of a single type and frequently from a single producer. Therefore, industrial scrap purchased directly from a plant or factory often commands higher prices on the expectation that it is less contaminated and more homogeneous than either obsolete scrap or industrial-origin material that is handled through a scrap processor's facility
Ingot: A form of semi-finished metal. Liquid metal is teemed (poured) into molds, where it slowly solidifies. Once the metal is solid, the mold is stripped, and the 5-ton to 30-ton ingots are then ready for subsequent rolling or forging.
Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries: (ISRI) A trade organization headquartered in Washington, D.C. to which a large percentage of ferrous scrap dealers and equipment manufacturers belong.
Invoice: A bill for material or services rendered.
LTL (Less Than a Truckload): A quantity of freight less than that required for the application of a truckload rate. The historical definition for LTL freight is shipments under 10,000 pounds.
Letter of Credit: A financial instrument, which guarantees payment by a bank in the event payment is not forthcoming from the creditor in a prescribed fashion.
Long Ton/Gross Ton: 2,240 pounds.
Net Ton/Short Ton: 2,000 pounds.
Net Weight: The weight of material unloaded from a conveyance, determined by subtracting the weight of the conveyance (tare weight) from the total weight of material and conveyance (gross weight).
No. 1 Heavy Melt: Obsolete steel scrap grade, at least one-quarter inch in thickness and in sections no larger than five feet by two feet. Much of the metal comes from demolished buildings, truck frames and heavy duty springs.
Nonferrous: Referring to metals which do not have iron as the major alloying element. Metals such as aluminum and copper.
No.1 Scrap Copper: Shall consist of clean unalloyed copper solids and must be uncoated. May include copper clippings, punchings, bus bars, commutator segments clean copper pipe or tubing and Copper wire over 1/16" thick but free of burnt or brittle wire.
No.1 Insulated Copper Wire: Shall consist of plastic insulated unalloyed, uncoated (plated) copper wire, with the copper wire not smaller than 16 gauge
No.2 Scrap Copper: Clean unalloyed copper solids. May include clean, oxidized or coated (plated) copper clippings, punchings, bus bars, commutator segments, clean oxidized copper pipe or tubing free of excessive solder and light gauge clean, oxidized or coated (plated) copper wire but free of fine gauge hair wire. Should be free of excessive oxidation, scale, ash or brittle burnt wire.
No.2 Insulated Copper Wire: Shall consist of assorted plastic insulated, unalloyed copper wire, free of heavy or double insulation.
Origin: The point of shipment.
Packing List: A document that more thoroughly identifies the goods to be delivered than a bill of lading.
Partial Load: Less than a carload, less than a truckload, less than a bargeload - intended to convey the idea that more material needs to be loaded in order to ship a minimum acceptable quantity.
Per Diem: A charge assessed on a daily basis.
Red Brass Solids: Shall consist of red brass solids scrap and may consist of valves, machinery bearings and other red brass solids consisting primarily of copper with tin/zinc/lead alloys.
Sealed Units: Shall consist of sealed electric compressor motors derived from common Refrigerators & freezers.
Settlement Report: A report to shipper outlining differences in weights; showing freight charges, and any other data relative to the settlement for a given shipment.
Short Ton/Net Ton: 2,000 pounds.
Short Weight: Less scrap received at destination than shown by shipper as net weight at origin.
Shredded Scrap: Fist-sized, homogenous pieces of old automobile hulks. After cars are sent through a shredder, the recyclable steel is separated by magnets. Mini-mills consume shredded scrap in their electric arc furnace operations.
Skeleton: Scrap sheets or plates out of which parts have been stamped or cut.
Slag: The impurities in a molten pool of metal. Flux such as limestone may be added to foster the congregation of undesired elements into a slag. Because slag is lighter than metal, it will float on top of the pool, where it can be skimmed.
Smelter: Facility is used to extract metal concentrates found inside mined ore. The ore will often contain more than one kind of metal concentrate and this facility also separates them. Technically, a blast furnace is a smelter.
Spills: Metal scrap formed when molten metal spills during pouring.
Steel BX Cable: Shall consist of plastic insulated copper wire, armor coated with an steel casing.
Tare Weight: The weight of a conveyance, not including the material being transported.
Tool Steels: Steels that are hardened for the use in the manufacture of tools and dies.
Truckload: Quantities of commodities, including primary and secondary metals that amount to as much as 44,000 pounds each, which is the standard weight limit on U.S. highways.
Turnings: Pieces of metal resulting from work on a lathe. Turnings are "machine shop" if long, "short shovelling" if short enough to be scooped up with a hand shovel.
UBC: (Used Beverage Cans) Scrap aluminum beverage cans.
Yard: An area where scrap is sorted and processed and prepared for shipment.